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Is visiting Australia on your bucket list for the next holiday trip or journey? You can consider coming to one of the 8 capital cities in Australia.
Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, with a size of 7,692,024 km². It has 8 total capital cities – Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Canberra, Hobart, and Darwin. Most Aussies live in urban areas.
Here we have compiled helpful information about the list of capital cities in Australia. The most populated and the least populated, its brief history, best known for, and the tourist attraction. Keep reading and decide which capital cities you want to go to!
1. Sydney, New South Wales
Sydney, the capital of New South Wales, is the most populous city in Australia, with a total population of 4,627,345. The size of Sydney is 12.368 km². Every year, many newcomers come to this city searching for new hope and opportunity.
The citizens of the city are called “Sydneysiders.” When you talk about “Australia,” the world-famous Sydney Opera House must come to your mind. It is located in Sydney. It was completed in 1973 and now has become the city’s icon. The Opera House is considered the 20th Century most famous modern building of all time.
Another renowned landmark would be the Sydney Harbor Bridge. This remarkable steel-arch bridge provides you with many activities to do. For example, you can take a walk for free and look at the amazing view of the Opera House and Circular Quay.
This city offers you a great amount of sunlight, skyscrapers, seas, and bays. Being close to the sea, they provide you with many restaurants with seafood as their main menu. In addition, the Sydney harbor was utilized for trade even in the early 19th Century and has become one of the most notable ports in the South Pacific.
2. Melbourne, Victoria
The second largest city after Sydney, Melbourne, has a population of more than 4M (4,246,375) with an area of 9,992 km². It is the coastal capital of Victoria. It was first founded by the entrepreneur and a pioneer settler named John Batman in 1835.
Known as the world’s most livable city, they offer an abundance of parks, mountains, infrastructures, dining establishments, and many more.
For a coffee connoisseur, Melbourne should be in a must-visit list of capital cities in Australia. Melbourne is the coffee capital of the world! Melburnians take their coffee very seriously. You can find numerous cafes that will provide you with a great coffee flavor.
In 2006, Melbourne was named the city of top sports events in the world. Melbourne hosts some of the biggest sporting events such as the Olympic Games (1956), the Commonwealth games (2006), Australian Open, and Melbourne Cup. They also have the well-known Melbourne Cricket Ground Venue, Rod Laver Arena, Flemington Racecourse, and many other stadiums for sports.
Here are some places you can consider visiting in Melbourne: Melbourne Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne Zoo, Melbourne Cricket Ground and National Sports Museum, Yarra Cruise, and Crown Casino in Melbourne.
Melbourne is also known for its unpredictable weather. Make sure to check the weather information before you go out.
3. Brisbane, Queensland
Brisbane is the third most populated city in the list of capital cities in Australia. It is the capital of Queensland and 3rd largest only after Sydney and Melbourne. With an area of 15,826 km² and a 2,189,878 total population. First explored by John Oxley in 1823 and officially became the capital city of Queensland in 1859.
In Brisbane, you can spot many gleaming skyscrapers, historical buildings, wildlife, and many banks and bridges. You will be happy to take a walk or ride a bike because Brisbane has a lot of lush greenery and fresh air. River cruises are recommended if you want to see the scenic view of the surrounding city.
The sun that shines almost 300 days a year becomes another attraction to international tourists who want to feel the Brisbane weather while sunbathing on its beautiful beaches.
Here are some recommended tourist destinations in Brisbane: River City Cruise and Brisbane Lookout Mount Coot-tha are the best places to appreciate the wondrous panorama of the city. Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary and The Australia Zoo are perfect if you want to get closer to the animals.
Brisbane also hosts the annual music festival in Australia named BIGSOUND festival. Located in Fortitude Valley, it serves you with many live music performances.
4. Perth, Western Australia
Perth is the capital of Western Australia. The size of Perth is 6,418 km², with the population nearly reaching 2M (1,896,548). It got its name from Captain James Stirling after Perth, Scotland, in 1829.
Perth is the city of the major mining industry and has become the home of many millionaires. From the 8 list of capital cities in Australia, Perth is considered the most secluded capital city in the world, with Adelaide as the closest city. The biggest city park in the world, “King’s Park,” is located in Perth.
If you enjoy the heat of the sun, this city gets the most sunshine than other cities in Australia. Similar to Melbourne, Perth is also awarded as one of the world’s most livable cities. Visit these places on your holiday to Perth: Perth’s Beaches (Cottesloe, Port Beach, City Beach), Swan River Cruise, Kings Park, and Botanic Garden.
5. Adelaide, South Australia
Adelaide is the fifth largest capital city, with an area of 3,260 km² and a 1,225,235 total population. It is located at the foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges. The city is surrounded by the hills on the east and the shoreline on the west.
It is also known as the “university town” since it has five campuses with around thirty thousand students from around the world coming to study. Adelaide is rich in culture and heritage, and the wide and uncrowded highway and the beauty of nature become the alluring factor of this city.
Adelaide was also recognized as fertile land and became the agricultural marketing center for fruits, wine, wheat, and wool. You can consider visiting some places in Adelaide: The Adelaide Zoo, Cleland Wildlife Park, and the Adelaide Festival Center.
6. Canberra, Australia Capital Territory
Canberra, the capital of Australia Capital Territory, has a 367,752 population and a size of 814,2 km². This capital territory of Australia is situated between Sydney and Melbourne. Canberra’s name is derived from the Aboriginal language meaning “meeting place.”
Are you planning to look at the view beneath the hot air balloon? Canberra is the only place in Australia that provides this tourist attraction. This capital city is also known to produce the best wineries and tipples in the country.
Visit Jerrabomberra Wetland, the Australian National Botanic Gardens, and Lake Burley Griffin to get closer to nature in Canberra.
7. Hobart, Tasmania
Hobart, the capital of Tasmania, is located on the base of Mount Wellington throughout the Derwent River. It has a 216,656 total population and an area of 1,357 km².
If you want to witness the beauty of the southern lights (aurora Australis), come to Hobart! You will have an unforgettable holiday in this city with the cleanest air among other Australian cities. Rosny Hill Lookout and Mount Wellington (kunanyi) are the best places for sightseeing the aurora.
Some famous tourist destinations in Hobart are Mount Wellington, Salamanca Market, and Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.
8. Darwin, Northern Territory
The least populated capital city in Australia is Darwin, with only 129,062 total population. Darwin is the Northern Territory’s capital with 3,164 km². Darwin was inaugurated as a city in 1959.
If you seek the place for the best sightseeing at sunset, visit Darwin and come to the Arafura sea. Darwin harbor is the only port in Northern Territory, and you can consider booking a sunset cruise to have a memorable experience.
Darwin also earned the title of “the laksa capital of Australia”. In the Mindil Beach Sunset Markets, you can find numerous renowned international cuisines from countries such as Indonesia, Thai, Chinese, Indian, and many others.
Here are some other recommended destinations in Darwin: learn the history and culture in the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, or get your adrenaline pumped at Crocosaurus Cove.
That is the brief information about 8 Australia’s capital cities and their uniqueness. You can choose between the list of capital cities in Australia above and decide if you want to see the Opera House in Sydney, try different types of coffee in Melbourne, or maybe sightsee the southern lights in Hobart. Get ready and prepare for your chosen destination in Australia!